What is Electrocution?

Electrocution is death caused by electric shock, either accidental or deliberate.

Death can occur from any shock that carries enough current to stop the heart. The current path must usually include either the heart or the brain to be fatal.

More than 30,000 non-fatal shock accidents occur each year.

Each day, nearly 7 children are treated in hospital emergency rooms for electrical shock or burn injuries caused by tampering with a wall outlet

Each year, there is an estimated average of 60 electrocutions associated with consumer products.  The three most common product categories associated with electrocutions are small appliance, power tool, and lighting equipment.

 

Major Causes of Electrocution

There are many reasons why people get electrocuted. some of the major reasons are

1. Damp or wet hands, feet’s or surfaces

2. Naked wire or cables

3. Tamper

4. Use of unprotected electrical tools. e.g, iron pliers, hammers etc

5. Wrong wire connection

6. Direct contact

 

What is electrical safety?

Electrical safety deals with defined codes of conduct when working with electricity, or using electrical equipments and appliances

 

What is electrical protection?

Electrical protection refers to procedures and actions involved in protecting ones self around electricity

 

Electrical safety guidelines

Ensure all electrical connection are firm and tight.

Always double check all connections

Never leave bare wires exposed

Never work on live electrical circuits

Always work with the right tools

Ensure all electrical installations are grounded.

Appliances with ground terminals must be connected to ground

Avoid weak socket connections

 

Equipment operation guidelines

1.  Always read equipment manuals carefully and follow installation guidelines to the letter

  1. Location is key, follow manufacturer guidelines to locating equipments and appliances

 

General Electrical safety

a. Avoid overloading sockets and extensions.

b. Avoid weak socket connections

c. Always work with the right tools

 

Personal Protection Guidelines.

1. Assume all electrical installations are energized, never work without protective clothing

2. Avoid working on electrical installations in wet environments

 

By: Paul Adebo